Notes to Questions 1-6: God promised Abraham that through Isaac He would give him a posterity through whom blessing would come to all nations. Jesus, the Messiah, descended from Abraham through Isaac, was the Seed through whom the promise of blessing to all nations was fulfilled. (See Galatians 3:16.) Correct Answer: To Abraham
Correct Answer 2: Blessing
Correct Answer 3: Yes
Correct Answer 4: The blessing of Abraham
Correct Answer 5: Isaac
Correct Answer 6: Yes
Correct Answer 7: Jacob
Notes to Questions 7-9: The promise of the Seed through whom blessing was to come was passed down through Jacob. Thus, Messiah had to come from the line of the Jewish people.
Correct Answer 8: Yes
Correct Answer 9: Yes
Correct Answer 10: Judah
Note to Questions 10-13: God ordained that the ruler of Israel should come from the tribe of Judah. This was fulfilled first in David and then in Jesus, who was descended from David.
Correct Answer 11: Judah
Correct Answer 12: David
Correct Answer 13: Yes
Notes to Questions 1-13: No one challenged the genealogy or the Davidic ancestry of Jesus while He was on earth. All Israel’s genealogical records perished when the second temple was destroyed in 70 ad. It is therefore impossible for anyone born after that date to prove His claim to be Messiah.
In Luke’s genealogy of Jesus, he said only that Jesus was supposed to be the son of Joseph. (See Luke 3:23.)
Correct Answer 14: Bethlehem of Judah
Notes to Questions 14-15: At the time of the birth of Jesus, the Jewish religious leaders were expecting the Messiah to be born in Bethlehem of Judah. (See Matthew 2:1–6.)
Correct Answer 15: Bethlehem of Judah
Correct Answer 16: He was to be born of a virgin
Note to Questions 16-17: Note the following reasons for translating almah in this passage as “virgin” (Isa. 7:14): (1) The Jewish writers of the Septuagint translated it parthenos, the standard Greek word for virgin; (2) No prophecy of the Tanach refers to a human father of Messiah, only to a mother (see Isaiah 49:1, 5; Psalm 22:9); (3) Almah describes a young woman, not yet married, which applied exactly to Mary; (4) In the Tanach, almah is used only to refer to a virgin (see Genesis 24:43; Exodus 2:8); (5) The alternative Hebrew word bethulah in Joel 1:8 refers to a woman who has had a husband. Moreover, bethulah is sometimes used to personify a nation (see Isaiah 23:12; 47:1; Jeremiah 18:13; 31:4, 21).
Correct Answer 17: He was born of a virgin
Correct Answer 18: Yes
Notes to Questions 18-20: According to Daniel 9:25–26, Messiah would come and then be cut off after 69 weeks (literally, “sevens”) of years. Since the Jewish year is equivalent to 360 days, the actual number according to the Western calendar would be about 477 years. The decree to restore Jerusalem in the reign of Artaxerxes King of Persia was probably issued about 445 BC. This would give a date of about 32 AD for the coming of Messiah the Prince. Jesus made His triumphal entry into Jerusalem about that time and shortly afterwards was “cut off.” “The people of the prince who is to come” were the Roman legions under Titus who destroyed Jerusalem in 70 AD.
Correct Answer 19: 69 weeks (or a total of 483 Jewish years)
Correct Answer 20: Yes
Correct Answer 21: Yes
Correct Answer 22: To prepare the way before Messiah
Correct Answer 23: John the Baptist
Correct Answer 24: To prepare the way before Messiah
Correct Answer 25: The covenant
Notes to Questions 25-28: The new covenant promised in Jeremiah 31:31–34 has three main features: (1) a new inner nature (“I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts”); (2) a personal relationship with God (“they all shall know Me”); (3) forgiveness of sins (“I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more”). These features are all included in the covenant that Jesus instituted. Also, in Ezekiel 16:59–60, God charges Israel with breaking the first covenant but promises to replace it with an everlasting covenant.
Correct Answer 26: Yes
Correct Answer 27: Yes
Correct Answer 28: Yes
Correct Answer 29: The Holy Spirit
Notes to Questions 29-35: The Holy Spirit coming down upon Jesus marked Him out as the promised Messiah. This equipped Him to be the deliverer of God’s people from both sin and sickness.
Correct Answer 30: 1.To preach good tidings to the poor2.To heal the brokenhearted 3.To proclaim liberty to the captives 4.To open the prison to those who are bound
Correct Answer 31: Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing
Correct Answer 32: With the Holy Spirit and with power
Correct Answer 33: 1. To go about doing good 2.To heal all who were oppressed* by the Devil